Throughout his career, Salt had been aware of the poverty of his staff. As his success grew, he drew up plans to build a new mill on the outskirts of Bradford, away from the polluted industrial boom-time city, with fresh air and more space. A spot adjoining the Leeds Liverpool Canal and the River Aire was perfect for transport, and it was surrounded by beautiful moorland, too.
The mill was built in warm yellow sandstone in the Italianate style. It opened in 1853, on Titus Salts 50th birthday. He went on to create a whole village for his workers. There were houses, a church, a school, a place for adult learning and a park, among other facilities. He named the village Saltaire.